In addition to the type and composition of the palace, it is necessary to consider the nature of pollution. It is enough to remove only the stain; in others – it is worth eliminating the unpleasant odour.
Universal chemical compositions and folk recipes are usually quite aggressive. Yes, they can remove almost all stains, but there is a high probability of damaging the carpet itself. Therefore, it will be more correct to select a cleaning agent for a specific type of contaminants.
How to remove different stains and dirt?
Absorbent agents best remove greasy spots.
The fresh stain should be wet with paper towels. Then fill it with any of the adsorbents:
- corn flour;
Правильный ингредиент выбирается с учетом цвета ворса и состава изделия.
Через 40–60 минут ковер пылесосится. При необходимости процедура повторяется.
В некоторых случаях помогает покатать по пятну мякишем из белого хлеба. Он впитывает в себя остатки жира, очищая волокна.
On dark products, traces are usually not visible. On carpets of light shades, there are usually spots. The algorithm for removing them is pretty simple:
- Rub the affected area with a mixture of table vinegar and water (1 to 5);
- After drying, the site is abundantly covered with baking soda;
- A layer of soda is sprayed from the spray bottle with water with peroxide (dilute 1 to 1);
- After 1 hour, the stain is cleaned with a brush, and a vacuum cleaner removes the remnants of sodium bicarbonate.
If the carpet is not plain white, then the effect of peroxide on the pile must first be checked in an inconspicuous area so as not to damage the colour.
Do not immediately rub the stain. Such actions will lead to the coffee eating into the base’s deep layers, and removing it will be more difficult.
Acid compositions cope well with such pollution: vinegar or lemon juice diluted with water 1 to 5. They are sprayed on a stain from a spray bottle, and after 10-15 minutes, they are carefully wet with dry wipes. It is necessary to wipe the paint from the edges to the centre not to increase its area.
So that the coffee is not absorbed into the base, a fresh stain can be poured with mineral water. The more gas it has, the better.
It will push microparticles of dirt to the surface, and it will be easier to clean the affected area. The main thing is not to overdo it, so the mineral water and coffee mixture do not spread throughout the carpet.
White and golden palaces can be saved with hydrogen peroxide (3%) or any household bleach. But because of the aggressiveness of such compositions, you need to act carefully, having previously checked the tool on an inconspicuous area of the pile.
With old spots a little more complicated. In this case, glycerin or ammonia is used.
Glycerin treated the entire surface of the spot. After 10 minutes, it is removed with warm soapy water, working from the edges to the centre of the contamination.
Ammonia is diluted in water (10 drops per glass), and wipe the affected area with this solution.
An important point: ammonia is incompatible with woollen products.
Fresh wax can be removed with a solution of salt, soda and vinegar – mixed in equal proportions. The finished homogeneous mass is applied to the stain and left until completely dry. The frozen mixture is cleaned with a brush with soft bristles; the remnants are removed with a vacuum cleaner.
From light products, wax is removed with ammonia and glycerin (1 to 1).
The tool is applied to the affected area, and after half an hour, wipe the stain with a soft sponge or brush.
If the carpet material can withstand heat treatment, you can use an iron. The wax is covered with paper towels rolled up in several layers and ironed with an iron. The procedure is repeated several times, changing the napkins.
The final stage is the ironing of the carpet through a clean rag in steamer mode.
Do not apply an iron to the palaces on an adhesive basis; the high temperatures will violate the strength of the fibre connection.
From carpets made of jute or synthetics, you can remove the wax by freezing it. To do this, ice wrapped in a towel is placed on the affected area. When the paraffin hardens, it is carefully cleaned with a knife.
Fresh blood is washed off with ordinary but always cold water. The lower the temperature, the better. You can enhance the effect by adding a few drops of detergent for dishes or ammonia to the water.
The main thing is not to rub blood into the carpet but to carefully erase it from the pile from the bottom up. You can soak the napkin in a mixture of water and ammonia and put it on the spot, pressing the load.
If the blood has gone deep into the pile, you need to prepare a gruel of cold water and salt and put it on the spot.
After 5-10 minutes, the mixture is removed from the affected area. If necessary, the procedure is repeated. After the end of cleaning, the remains of the gruel are collected by a vacuum cleaner.
The easiest way is to remove blood stains from a white carpet. It is enough to wipe the affected area several times with 3% hydrogen peroxide.
Fibres. Quality slime does not contain dye fibres. It is more challenging to remove plasticine – it not only sticks into the pile and stains it. But cheap Chinese fakes can irretrievably spoil the villi.
This type of pollution well helps laundry soap. It is rubbed on a grater, add water, and beat into a firm foam (about 40 g of soap per 100 ml of water). The finished composition is applied to plasticine with a sponge. After 10 minutes, the foam is washed off with clean water.
You can do the same with plasticine as with wax: freeze with ice or evaporate with hot iron through a napkin. But these methods are better suited for dark palaces; bright spots may remain on light ones, which must also be disposed of.
Vinegar is suitable for both plasticine and slime. This acid perfectly dissolves the stuck residues, which are then removed with a sponge or clean rags.
If the lick managed to stick tightly to the pile, then you need to use more radical means:
- adhesive solvent;
These compounds are very aggressive and can damage the fibres and colour of the palace. Before cleaning, they must be checked in an inconspicuous area.
From ink stains on the carpet well helps alcohol. It is enough to gently erase the dirt from the pile moistened in liquor with a napkin.
When cleaning, you need to move from the edges of the stain to the centre and try not to rub the ink deep into the fibres. This process is not fast; cleaning will take about 30-40 minutes. During this time, alcohol will control the ink and return the carpet to its original appearance.
After the end of cleaning, the alcohol is washed off the fibres with clean water.
If there is a trace on the palace, it is covered with shaving foam. It is left for 15-20 minutes and then washed off with a mixture of water and vinegar.
Mould forms on the carpet, which is located in a damp room. To remove the fungus without solving its formation is useless; mould will soon appear again.
Initially, you need to either solve problems with ventilation and heating in the room or transfer the palace to another room.
If the problem with the appearance of the fungus is solved, then you can remove it in several ways:
- Treat carpet or carpet with a solution of copper sulphate. To do this, the powder is diluted in the proportion of 100 g per 10 liters of water. The resulting composition is applied to the palace on both sides so that it impregnates not only the pile but also the base;
- Acid (citric or table vinegar). Household acids act only on certain types of mould. But if the fungus is unstable to the effects of citric acid, it dries very quickly. Vinegar is applied in its pure form; citric acid is diluted in 10 g per 1 liter of water. You can enhance the effect by adding a teaspoon of table salt to the solution;
- EssentialWell, remove mould tea tree oil and grapefruit seeds. Essential oils. They are bred and applied to the palace with a spray gun. This method allows not only to get rid of the fungus but also from an unpleasant odor.
When choosing a method, it is necessary to consider the composition of the fibres and adhesive base.
From berries and juices, well helps boiling water, which is simply watered with a spot. But most flooring can’t withstand such high temperatures. Therefore, we have to use other methods.
First of all, you can not let the fruit juice penetrate deep into the fibres. To do this, the stain is covered with adsorbents (salt, starch, talc, etc.) or poured with highly carbonated mineral water.
Then the stain is finally removed, focusing on the composition and colour of the pile. To clean the carpet, you can use:
- wine vinegar, citric acid (diluted with water 1 to 2);
- ammonia (mix with water 1 to 3);
- household chemicals.
When using professional tools, you need to choose those that are designed to remove juices.
Regardless of the choice of cleaning agent, removing stains, you can not rub dirt into the fibres. Movements should be neat, blotting.
Initially, you need to determine the type of marker base. They are water-based and alcohol-based.
Stains from water-based markers are removed with alcohol or hydrogen peroxide (3%). Impregnate the selected means of rags and gently wipe the area. As the wipes become dirty, they are replaced with clean ones, re-moisturizing them.
Traces of alcohol-based markers are removed with glycerin or ammonia. They can be used in pure form or diluted with water with the addition of liquid soap.
When cleaning, do not rub the stain so as not to increase its area. It is also worth monitoring the cleanliness of napkins, regularly replacing them.
Vegetable fats are not very stable; almost all types of cleaning products remove them:
- household soap;
- household chemicals;
- washing for dishes.
The main thing when choosing a tool is that it fits the composition and colour of the carpet.
The affected area must first be filled with any adsorbent agent: salt, starch, talc, etc.
Most often, the carpet on the floor suffers from broken thermometers. In this case, do not panic. The thermometer contains too little mercury (1 g at a lethal dose of 2 g). It cannot seriously harm the health of residents, even with prolonged inhalation of vapours – the concentration is too low (at room temperature, mercury evaporates at a rate of 0.002 mg / h).
The amount of mercury in the thermometer is minimal does not mean that it should be left on the carpet. You can remove it in many ways:
- Syringe without a needle. The balls are gently pulled in one at a time:
- Tape or adhesive plaster. Drops are glued to adhesive tape. This method is suitable because, with the help of, video you can collect even the smallest and most inconspicuous grains of mercury;
- Rubber pear. Single balls are drawn inside, as well as with a syringe.
After the end of cleaning, the affected room is carefully ventilated.
The remnants of the thermometer, used syringe, pear or tape are tightly wrapped in a bag or closed in an airtight container. In large cities, you can find speciality services that dispose of such waste. Residents of small settlements will have to throw a tied bag into a street garbage can.
It is desirable to take the palace outside for several days or hang it on an open balcony in hot summer. Intensive evaporation begins at temperatures above 38 ° C. In this case, uncleaned residues will quickly come out of the fibres.
Additionally, you can treat the pile with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, chlorine-based compositions or household soap. This is desirable to do if there are pets or small children in the house.
Not all mates can be removed without a trace. It all depends on the degree of burnout.
Light stains from the iron can be washed off with a solution of pharmacy peroxide. To do this, it is diluted with water from 1 to 10. In the resulting product, moisten the sponge and gently wash the tans.
Instead of peroxide, you can use dishwashing detergent or laundry soap.
Traces of iron of medium gravity are removed with the help of sandpaper. She gently rubs the affected areas, which are then vacuumed.
Individual villi can be carefully cut with scissors. This method is best used on products made of synthetics and semi-synthetics. On fragile silk or viscose carpets, sandpaper may leave traces.
Deep tans from the iron can not be removed. The only but almost unrealistic option: find a suitable colour and size patch and replace the affected area.
Initially, you need to determine the type of paint. Different colouring compositions are resistant to other means.
All existing paints can be divided into several main types:
- Oil. It is well removed with ordinary vegetable oil. It should be applied to the stain and left for 5-10 minutes. Then gently rub (without smearing) with a brush. The remains of the oil are washed off with household soap or detergent for dishes. After that, the affected area is thoroughly washed with clean water. Replacement oil can be turpentine or WD-40;
- Acrylic. This type of paint is removed by formulations based on glycerin, alcohol or acetone. The main thing is to choose a composition that does not rust the natural colour of the palace;
- Water-emulsion. Wash off quite quickly, with any soapy composition;
- artistic (watercolor, gouache). This type can be washed off with ordinary water. To enhance the effect will help laundry soap or detergent for dishes.
After applying any method, the carpet must be thoroughly dried.